National Conference on Applied Sociology [ 2016 ]

National Conference on Applied Sociology
National Conference on Applied Sociology
National Conference on Applied Sociology
National Conference on Applied Sociology
National Conference on Applied Sociology
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Date  30 April, 2016
Time  09.00 AM To 05.00 PM
Place  BRAC  Centre INN Confer Room, 1st Floor, Mohakhali, Dhaka.
Organized By  Bangladesh Institute of Social Research (BISR) Trust
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Session I: Poverty, Gender and Public Health
Economic Benefit of Coastal Health Coverage for Climate Induced Diseases of the Coastal People in the Southwest Coastal Region of Bangladesh.
Md. Hafiz Iqbal
Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, Government Edward College.
Email: vaskoriqbal@gmail.com; Phone: +8801717278232, +8801776196953.
ABSTRACT

Climate change and its aftermath create negative impacts on food security, drinking water,biodiversity, livelihood, agriculture, fisheries, forestry, ecology, wetland and human habitant.Devastation of climate change and its negative impacts on public health are also a common phenomenon of any coastal region and southwest coastal region of Bangladesh is not free from such circumstances. An effective health measure is a pre-requisite for minimizing the losses of lives and also mitigates the health sufferings from devastating effects of climate change induced natural disaster. Coastal Health Coverage plays a vital role to tackle health problem with full spectrum of services of good quality……according to need and at an affordable cost to coastal people. In order to formulate cost effective, affordable and relevant coastal health coverage policy of Bangladesh, this study identified some relevant attributes e.g., health coverage, emergency ambulance and telemedicine for its choice experiment. Choice experiment is depends upon and support the preference of the coastal people. Multinomial and random parameter logic models are applied for estimation of the attributes. All the attributes included in the econometric model are significant that affecting the probability of choosing an alternative scenario. The welfare changes from quality or quantity of coastal health coverage service could be given by the measure of compensating surplus.The findings of this study will be helpful for the similar coastal region that has frequently faces climate induced health problems to its coastal inhabitants. It is expected that the findings of this study able to enhance Sustainable Development Goal.

Keywords: Coastal health coverage, Choice experiment, Willingness to pay, Coastal region,Bangladesh


State, NGOs and the Urban Poor: A Study on Slum Dwellers in Dhaka City
Syeda Abida Farheen
MSS, Department of Sociology, University of Dhaka.
Phone: +8801915859603, +8801980404767
ABSTRACT

Dhaka city has more than 4500 slums and informal squatter settlements within its territory accommodating more than 35 percent of its population. A large number of migrant people create the adverse result of over urbanization, extreme poverty and inequality in this city and most of them are lower class poor people.
It is in the context, the study explores the role of state and NGOs to the urban poor who live in the slum areas of Dhaka city. It has undertaken to determine the particular role of State and NGOs in two slums namely Rayer bazar slum and Korail slum in Dhaka city and to identify the steps of state and NGOs for poverty reduction and service delivery to urban poor. The sociological theory of neo-liberalism by David Harvey, theory of neoliberal governance by Loic Wacquant and the theory of deep democracy by Arjun Appadurai have been used as theoretical frameworks of the study. Data have been collected by following mixed methods where both quantitative and qualitative techniques are combined. The survey data have been supplemented by case studies and KII.
The study reveals that the majority of the slum dwellers have limited access to urban services .However, the study argues that the process of urbanization of Dhaka is linked to increasing poverty as millions of poor people living in urban slums and they are still excluded from basic amenities of life and policies and planning undertaken by both government and nongovernment agencies do not significantly change their lives.


The Glass Ceiling Approach Threats the Gender Equality in Bangladesh: Some Empirical Suggestions toward SDGs
Khan Habiba Mustarin
.Lecturer, Southern University Bangladesh.
Email: habibamustarin@yahoo.com; Phone: +8801675270002. 
ABSTRACT

The militant feminists exert ever-increasing influence in their workplace either public or corporate world despite their numbers being miniscule. It is the crying need to promote the gender equality at the workplace. The occupations and industries, men and women work together wherein, have also become more similar, but the glass ceiling delusion toward the women haunts and draws the margin of discrimination that influences their relative salary. The object of this paper is to show the present Bangladeshi regional working environment where such glass ceiling approach how threats the existence of women in workplace with special reference to Chittagong commercial area and to find out the possible ways and means are the motto of this paper. This paper focused on the constitutional frameworks and essence of the SDGs to show how to achieve SDGs through the constitutional implementation. To serve the objects thereof, we have experienced what are the reasons that instigate the glass ceiling and other discriminations by conducting some focused group interviews and applying questioner survey. It is inevitable to focus on the family and social protraction grown out of the glass ceiling. It is ensuing to put light on the effect of the GDP and GNP, in furtherance, international trade and investment results out from losing well equipped women employee only for being women. Albeit they have advanced in business and management, they continue to be shut out of the higher level economic decision-making process despite the last decade of activism to smash the “glass ceiling”.

Keywords: Glass Ceiling, Gender Discrimination, Sustainable development.

Session II: Climate Change and DRR
Tidal River Management
Jahin Shams Sakkhar
Climate Change Monitoring Officer, Uttaran.
Email: jahin.shams@yahoo.com; Phone: +8801794603351.
ABSTRACT

The main aim of paper is to highlight that how a century old technique of sediment management , formally known as Tidal River Management or TRM, can be used to increase the navigability of the river and raise up flood plains to mitigate water logging crisis of the south west coastal Bangladesh. TRM is a sustainable technique which if properly implemented throughout the south west coastal region can be used to elevate the lands above sea level and increase the navigability of the rivers which would allow the rivers to hold more water. The paper describes the historical context of the area, the causes of water logging and also the full TRM process and its impacts. The paper details out, cultural indigenous practice of the local people and how this can be more sustainable against heavy hardware engineering solutions. The local people‟s long movement against hardcore engineering solutions and Uttaran‟s struggle along with the local people are highlighted through the paper. The paper draws in examples of implementation of TRM along the Hari river basin areas and its impacts. It also discusses, the potential impact from climate change induced sea level rise which can be reduced through implementation of TRM. Government interventions against water logging crisis and their flaws are pointed out through the paper.


River Bank Erosion, Flood, Poverty and Livelihoods: Adaptation Practices by the Communities of Jamuna River Basin Area of Bangladesh.
Md. Mizanur Rahman Mizan
Social and Institutional Expert, National Land Zoning Project, Ministry of Land.
Email: info.mmizan@gmail.com; Phone: +8807176871355.
ABSTRACT

River bank erosion and flood together intensify the Climate Change impact of in rural areas of Jamuna and Bharmaputra river basin community of Bangladesh. Consequently, mass migration, family breaks up, larceny, robbery, advance labour selling, and unemployment are occurring in the affected community. It has been affected adversely on the different source of income associated with agriculture, fisheries, livestock, small enterprise, agro-processing. Population displacement and migration due to river erosion and flood, scarcity of drinking water, poo health-hygiene becomes a common scenario. The study was conducted in the most island and attached char of the Jamuna River in the Bhuapur upazila of Tangail districts, namely Gasbara and Arjuna Unions. This study has been identified and review the adaptation practices of the Gabsara and Arjuna char dwellers. It also focuses to assess their economic condition in relation to livelihood practices. The char people use their indigenous knowledge to adapt to this adverse situation. Government line agency and Local people‟s participation have been ensured in the research process through the formal interview, focus Group Discussion, Informal Interview, transact walk, physical visit, and so on. Secndary data has been reviewed and used in this study from different reliable sources. Finally, this study has recommended some suggestions for the policy planners and implementers to designing development program for the char areas of Bangladesh. Importance has been given to the Coordination and collaboration among the Government, none-Government agencies, and different stakeholder in order to cope with the devastating situation of the riverbank erosion and flood.

Keywords: Riverbank Erosion, Food, Poverty, Climate Change and Adaptation Practice


State of River Bank Erosion Preparedness and Mitigation Measures at Chandpur Town
Saiful Islam Mozumder
M.phil Student (2014-2015) Department of Geography & Environment. University of Dhaka.
Phone: +8801515653940
ABSTRACT

Environmental impacts of the riverbank erosion at chandpur town using analysis of local people and administrations opinion.The data used in the study are cross sectional and are taken from the survey conducted in June 2015, about 22 years after completion of different riverbank erosion embankment at chandpur town. Bivariate and multivariate analyses of direct and indirect indicators were used to analyze the effects of the riverbank erosion on livelihood, socioeconomic conditions, income and also migration. The inferences drawn acknowledge the fact that many factors besides the embankment operate on these indicators and that isolating the effects of the riverbank erosion and embankment is difficult.
Peoples facing with regular RBE and also living there for their parent‟s land, for their livelihood needs, for safe residence due to protection by blocking dumping and due to safe distance from RBE. It was also focused that respondents were working in safe distance because of there was big distance from RBE present living place and area was protected by embankment.The results of this analysis indicate that the peoples of chandpur town is associated with negative impacts of RBE and wants permanent solution from this continuous riverbank erosion to save chandpur town, which connects both Padma and Meghan two big river of the country. So a permanent mitigation measures including all govt. and non govt. Organizations participation in decision making including regular digging, proper dressing, damping block and also embankment is needed to protect chandpur town from this recurrent riverbank erosion.

Session III: Governance
Surveillance - A New Social Phenomenon in Bangladesh: Relief or Conflict?
Marjan Huque
Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology and Social Work, The People’s University of Bangladesh
Email: mhuque31@yahoo.com; Mobile: +8801724283522
ABSTRACT

This paper critically examines the modern surveillance phenomenon that is shaping how stateswatch and control their citizens. It looks at the surveillance phenomena through Michael Foucault‟s concept of „Panoptic Technologies of Social Control‟ which accounts for how surveillance as an idea defines how we live. For this study, interpretive qualitative research approach is used. The primary data have been collected from interviews. A semi-structured indepth interview method is used in this study. Besides, the secondary data are gathered from published and unpublished research reports, journals, books, records and documents of relevant agencies, newspaper articles and op-eds. With a special focus on the existing circumstances prevailing in Bangladesh, the paper shows that we live in a surveillance society which removes social tensions and conflicts with privacy.

 


Social Accountability Practice for Good Governance in Dakshin Surma
Touhidul Hoque Chowdhury
Assistant Director, Institute of Development Affairs (IDEA)
Email: www.idea.org.bd
ABSTRACT

Bangladesh is extremely densely populated and a relatively new democracy. In the absence of transparency and public accountability most of local government offices are inaccessible to the poor and powerless. Some of the causes include inefficiency, system failure, inadequate mobilization of vision and the absence of participation by local people. People should participate in the governance system in order to ensure that the services provided by the government system are responsive to the demands and needs of citizens. Bottom-up pressure to the authorities and people‟s movement can change the existing inertia situation in power relations.
True commitment to the concept of local governance amongst civil servants and politicians is mixed, but in recent years, clear progress has been made. The tiered system of local (Union Parishad-UP and UpazilaParishad-UZP), district (ZilaParishad-ZP) and national political and administrative structures supported by appropriate legislation: the Local Government (UP) Act (2009), which obliges Union Parishads to follow descendent accountability processes.
A continuing people‟s conscientization and mobilization process can be initiated through education, dialogue and consensus building to bring about change. People‟s active participation prevents the top-down approach of government project and services. The social accountability techniques are appropriate for ensuring people‟s participation and to establish a sensible local government. From this background being supported by ManusherJonno Foundation, Institute of Development Affairs (IDEA) initiated Social Engagement for Budgetary Accountability (SEBA) Project in 09 Union Parishad under DakshinSurmaUpazila of Sylhet district. This paper explains how this project has created an enabling environment for participatory budgeting in local government level engaging community people.

Key Words: Local Government, Union Parishad, Social Accountability, Community, Score Card.


Safe Migration and its Challenges: A Situational Analysis of Bangladesh
Moumita Paul
Research Associate, Bangladesh Institute of Social Research Trust
Cell: 01735881988. E-mail: moupaul881@gmail.com.
ABSTRACT

The research examines the migration process, safe migration and human trafficking nexus, role of the government of both the countries of origin and destination, recruiting agencies and employers, safety security, welfare of migrant workers, challenges of safe migration and finally recommends some effective remedial measures to overcome the problem in Teknaf Upazila of Cox’s Bazar District in Bangladesh. Both qualitative and quantitative research approach were used to find out the research objectives. Did review of secondary data and key informant interview to collect data. Necessary data were collected from 100 samples using semi-structured questionnaire at household level.
The research findings revealed that mostly people of the age group of 21-30 years migrated using basically private and irregular process in terms of successful and unsuccessful migration respectively. They mainly went to six countries named KSA, Malaysia, Qatar, Singapore, UAE and Oman. Two major reasons were there behind their migration: push factors including economic depression, poverty and ultra poverty, etc. and pull factors including employment privileges, better livelihood opportunities, etc. Some (24%) of the successful migrant workers and 66% unsuccessful workers faced impediments in their workplace and during travelling respectively. Most successful migrants would like to migrate because they were in vacation and maximum (92%) unsuccessful migrants would like to re-migrate. Finally migration played asignificant role in socio-economic development of Teknaf Upazila of Cox’s Bazar District. However, in terms of getting help from the government the study also revealed that 54% successful migrants got services whereas 94.9% unsuccessful migrants did not get.
The study found most common challenges of migration were surplus manpower, migration without visa, poor monitoring and controlling of the relevant authority, high cost of process, etc. Finally, the study suggested modifying and updating legal instruments, digitalization of recruitment process, providing contact address to the manpower, etc. for safe migration.

Key Words: Migration, Human Trafficking, Recruiting Agency, Role of Government, Safety of Migrant Workers.


IV: Media and Communication
An Experience of the USAID/Agro-Inputs Project in Bangladesh: Project Communications Raises Awareness on Quality Agro-inputs
Arpona Ghosh
Communications Director, Cultivating New Frontiers in Agriculture.
Email: aghosh@cnfabangladesh.org; www.aipbd.org; Phone: +8801730356640
ABSTRACT

In most of the cases, farmers of the 20 southwestern districts,an area marked as the Feed the Future Zone (FTF), under the U.S. Government‟s global hunger and food security initiativeare not aware of quality inputs and their proper uses i.e. right time, right quantity and the right method for producing higher yield like other part of the country. It was also found that the agro-inputs (seed, fertilizer and crop protection products/pesticides) retailers had not had formal training on quality agro-inputs, business management, and ethics. Therefore, they did not consider their business a “service” to farmers. They were not aware of the importance of applying best practices or standards within their shops.
To improve the supply of safe, high-quality agricultural inputs and advisory services available to farmers, the Agro-Inputs Project (AIP) in Bangladesh, supported by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and implemented by CNFA, launched a“Did You Know?” or “Apni Janen Ki?” multi-media campaign focused on improving knowledge and practices of agro-input retailers, farmers, and other relevant stakeholders. The campaign generates greater recognition of quality in terms of Government of Bangladesh‟s statutes and conventional wisdom by promoting messages aligned with regional agricultural calendars primarily among 3,000 members of the Agro-Inputs Retailers‟ Network (AIRN), a network developed by the project and 10 lakhs (1 million farmers).
In order to strengthen the retailers‟ ability to serve farmer customers, AIP‟s multimedia communications campaign focuses on the key objectives of the project while taking into consideration, social behavior, education levels, and media choice of the primary audience (agro-inputs retailers and farmers). This campaign uses easy pictorial print materials, short message services (SMS) through mobile phone, Public Service Announcements (PSAs), interpersonal or group communications, shop signs, quiz competitions along with social media. To foster results in terms of broader area coverage and acceptance, the messages and materials of the campaign are co-branded with Agriculture Information Service (AIS), Ministry of Agriculture. The campaign have been running for one year has played a crucial role in raising awareness among retailers and farmers.


Online Social Research for Social Media: A Tale of Two Studies
Sadril Shajahan
Freelance Researcher.
Email: sadril41@gmail.com; Mobile: +8801677154468
ABSTRACT

Online social research is a version of social science research methodology for dealing with the data of digital world in Internet. Social media platforms such as blog, Facebook, You Tube, Twitter have become common inquiry sites of online social research as research interests have grown to analyse the impact of social media in wider social, political and cultural context. This paper is based on the methodological aspects of online social research from the comparative discussion of two studies. Both studies are grounded in the theoretical terrace of treating social media as public sphere developed from the work of Jurgen Habermas. First study used Some wherein blog, a leading community blog site of Bangladesh, as a tool for conducting online surveys and attempted to diagnose the democratic potentials of Bangla blog. The second study progressed from the theoretical debate of the first one and aimed to outline the relation between social media and online public opinion implying online surveys and in-depth interviews of bloggers of Bangla blog sites. The main argument of this paper concentrates on particular circumstances those two studies had faced that could be contradictory to conventional social research. These circumstances include participation of respondents on surveys without any sampling frame, rapport building with respondents for quantative study, producing qualitative data for quantitative study and challenging the other boundaries that need to be blurred. The significance of this paper lies on understanding the need for adaptation of online social research with open, fluid and cross disciplinary approaches.
Note: The two studies considered to be discussed in this paper were conducted by the author as part of BSS Research Monograph (2012-13) and MSS Thesis (2014) from Department of Sociology, University of Dhaka. Both Studies were supervised by Dr. A.I. MahbubUddin Ahmed.